Abusaleh Shariff, Ph.D
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Dr. Abusaleh Shariff is the Chief Scholar at the US-India Policy Institute, Washington D.C, USA. He is an economist and demographer, works on various aspect of human development and inclusive growth He was a Senior Fellow/Chief Economist with the National Council of Applied Economic Research, New Delhi between 1994 and 2012. He was on the Ministry of Home Affairs, Government of India ‘Committee for the Consultations on the Situation in Andhra Pradesh’ during 2010. He was on sabbatical / lien appointment as a Senior Research Fellow with the International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI) from March 2008 to March 2010. His research focus at IFPRI is in the areas of food and nutrition security, social safety nets with a special focus on rural and agrarian communities in Asia; labor markets and income diversity. He was member-secretary of the now well know PM's High Level Committee report on Muslims in India, also known as Sachar Committee Report.
He has over 30 years of consistent record of academic research in the field of development economics, rural development, human development, demography and health economics, food policy and nutrition, poverty studies, labor and social security, social sector budgetary analysis and micro-impact of economic reforms. He has undertaken a number of large scale evaluatory representative sample surveys in India. He was a recipient of the Rockefeller Foundation International Family Fellowship to undertake research at Economic Growth Centre of Yale University, USA during 1991-2. He has secured a PhD (1986) from Australian National University, Canberra, Australia. Dr. Shariff has worked extensively on various empirical dimensions of poverty especially the impact of economic reform on employment, income vulnerability and food security. He prepared a methodology to undertake the `Program / Project Sensitivity Analysis of the UNDP Funded Interventions to promote Sustainable Human Development', in 1995. He prepared district level profiles entitled ‘Poverty, deprivation and levels of living in Andhra Pradesh, Orissa and West Bengal’ in 1998 for DFID-India office. He prepared at the instance of FAO, Geneva and the Association of Food Marketing for the Asia–Pacific Region, Bangkok, a report - Food Security for Sustained Poverty Alleviation in the Asia–Pacific Region: The Forgotten Gender Dimension in 2003.
His empirical research focus on social-group analysis influenced the Prime Minister of India Dr. Manmohan Singh, who appointed him as the Member-Secretary of a Committee for the preparation of a report on the ‘Social, economic and Educational status of the Muslim Community of India’. This report was tabled in the Indian Parliament in November 2006 and currently is a source of extensive debate on inclusive development in India. His consultative work on establishing linkages between macro economies, health and education outcomes, human development and human rights in Sudan and Maldives has been well appreciated by the United Nations System.
He was selected as one of the India Today Magazine ‘faces of millennium (Economist)’ in January 2000 issue. He is on the 25 identified in the Outlook Magazines’ Alternative Power List (23rd April, 2007 issue) as a recognition of his ability to influence public policy in India. He has published 8 books and over 100 research articles in refereed journals and seminar proceedings. He is a panelists on various Indian TV channels and has been interviewed and quoted in magazines of high repute such as the Times of India, Hindustan Times, New York Times, The Economist, Financial Times of London, La Monde, Paris, Washington Post, India Today and Outlook. He was a member of the award selection committee of the Global Development Network in its annual meetings held in Senegal in 2006 and also a member of numerous official committees of the Government of India. He has addressed a number of professional bodies such as the Annual Global Development Conference at Dakar, the Global Forum for Health Research in Mexico City, World Health Organization at Geneva, UN Headquarters in New York and the World Bank Headquarters at the Washington DC, Harvard University, Duke University, Cambridge University, Oxford University, University of Maryland at College Park, London School of Economics, and many other universities both in India and abroad. Being an expert on various issues of development economics, rural development and demography he evaluates a number of proposals seeking funds, evaluate and asses PhD theses and reviews a number of journal articles for example for World Development. He has been an advisor to a number of graduated students in India and abroad. Abusaleh Shariff has deep interest in understanding causes and mechanism to alleviate vulnerability amongst people who living rural and remote areas. In this context he has recently completed a study of the impact of food price inflation on the vulnerable communities in India. He is also involved in policy level debates with respect to appropriate mechanism to target benefits to the poor through public works programs, direct supply of food products to women, children and to pupils through school feeding programs. He is on the Planning Commission/UNDP panel working on the role of conditional cash transfers to achieve higher human capital formation of girls in India.
Selected Publications: He has authored and edited 7 books from the Oxford University Press, (one more authored and other edited volumes are in press with OUP). Rural INDIA: Human Development Report (June, 1999, pp. i - xiii and 1-370) is the first human development report for India, and is a landmark methodological and empirical reference material. The most recent (March 2007) book State, Markets and Inequalities, edited jointly with M. Krishnaraj, pp784, is published by the Orient Longman Press. A jointly coauthored book entitled India Human Development Report: at the Beginning of the Millennium is in press with the Oxford University Press, New Delhi. He is instrumental in finalizing the Government of India Prime Minister’s High Level Committee report entitled ‘Social, Economic and Educational Status of the Muslim Community in India (November 2006)’. Selected journal articles and book chapters are listed below:
‘Rural Income and Employment Diversity in India during 1994 and 2005’, Journal of Developing Societies, 25(2):165-208, June 2009.
‘Assessment of Outreach and Benefits of National Rural Employment Guarantee Scheme of India’, Indian Journal of Labor Economics, 52 (2):243-268, June 2009.
Handbook of Muslims in India: Empirical and Policy Perspectives; Edited jointly with Rakesh Basant; January 2010, New Delhi: Oxford University Press.
India Human Development Report: at the Beginning of the Millennium, jointly with Sonal Desai, Amaresh Dubey, B.L. Joshi, Mitali Sen and Reeve Vannaman (forthcoming in 2009), Oxford University Press, New Delhi.
Growth and Equity in India: Does governance matter', jointly with Adity Pany in Shylendra H. S (ed.), New Governance and Development: challenges for Addressing Poverty and Inequality, New Delhi: Academic Foundation, 2009
Preliminary Evidence on Internal Migration, Remittances and Teen Schooling in India', jointly with Valerie Mueller, IFPRI-DP 00858; Washington D. C, 2009. (accepted for publication in Contemporary Economic Policy).
‘Contributions of the Informal Rural Sector: Structure and Share of State's Rural Household Sector’ Indian Association of Social Science Institutions Quarterly, 15(3): 89-110, 1997.
Antipoverty Programs in India: Are they pro-poor?, jointly with Kirit Pakikh and Mahendra Dev, in Ashok Gulati and Shenggen Fan (eds.) The Dragon and The Elephant: Agricultural and Rural Reforms in China and India, New Delhi: Oxford University Press. 2007
Rural non-farm employment in India: Access, incomes and impact on poverty, jointly with Peter Lanjouw, Economic and Political Weekly, 39(40), October 2004.
State-adjusted public expenditure on social sector and poverty alleviation programs, Economic and Political Weekly, 37(8), Feb. 2002). Re-edited and published as “Indian public expenditures on social sector and poverty alleviation programs during the 1990s, Oversees Development Institute - Working Paper 169: September 2002.
‘Human Development in India During Last Century;’ Yojana (National Planning Commission) Vol. 51, August 2007 - Special Commemorative Issue to celebrate 150 years of Indian First War of Independence; pp51-61.
‘Employment and Wages in India: Pre and Post Reform Scenario’, The Indian Journal of Labour Economic, 42 (2):195 – 216; April - June, 1999.
Dynamics of food intake and nutrition according to expenditure classes in India since 1973, jointly with A. C. Malick, Economic and Political Weekly, 34(27) July 1999.
Determinants of child heights in Uganda: A consideration of the selection bias caused by child mortality, jointly with Namkee Ahn, Food and Nutrition Bulletin, 16(1), 1995.
Mother's education effect on child health: an econometric analysis of child anthropometry in Uganda, jointly with Namkee Ahn, The Indian Economic Review, 30(2), 1995).
Socio-Economic and Demographic Differentials between the Hindus and Muslims in India’, Economic and Political Weekly, 30(46), 1995).